When is the best time to visit Paris?
If your travel plans are flexible, you have the luxury of choosing the perfect time to arrive.
The good news is that Paris has a lot to offer no matter when you come.
Every season, every month has pros and cons.
But to pick the best time to come based on your preferences, take a look at our list of five key factors to consider, and choose the ones that matter most to you.
Then, use this information to decide which season and month will give you the best experience.
Are there any times when you should avoid coming? We offer some tips on that too!
1. What You Want to See and Do in Paris ... Open or Closed?
Major tourist attractions stay open all year (except for major holidays), but some smaller museums along with many boutiques, antique shops, restaurants, and art galleries close during August, the month when many Parisians leave the city for their own vacations.
And if you want to be there for special events and holiday celebrations such as the Paris Marathon and Bastille Day, you'll need to know when they occur.
Here's a quick overview:
Closed during August - or even longer:
- Most of the antique and vintage shops in Village St-Paul in the Marais take the month off. So do many of the wonderful treasure-filled antique stores in St-Germain.
- If you fall in love with medieval tapestries at the Musée Cluny and want to visit the small tapestry museum at Manufacture des Gobelins, you'll have to wait until mid-September.
- Numerous restaurants also close during August, although plenty remain open - you will be in no danger of starving. However, if you have your heart set on experiencing the cuisine of a particular chef, check the restaurant's website to see if it will be open. Many high-profile chefs like to take August off.
- Most special exhibits at museums, the Grand Palais, and other exhibition spaces typically take place between September and May or June - mid-July at the latest. But a few do continue through the summer - Musée du Quai Branly is usually a good bet.
- Ballet and opera performances in Palais Garnier and Opera Bastille end in mid-July and resume in early September. Concerts at the Philharmonie in Parc de Villette wrap up in June and restart in September.
Only during summer months:
- Paris Plages, the "beaches" along the Right and Left Bank of the Seine, sports in front of Hôtel de Ville, and swimming and water sports at Bassin de la Villette - open only for two months between early July and early September.
- Outdoor concerts, festivals, and other special events provide entertainment throughout the summer but primarily in July and August - although even these diminish during the last 2 weeks of August.
Open in winter only:
- Christmas Markets, festivities on New Year's Eve, and ice skating at the Eiffel Tower, Hotel de Ville, and the Grand Palais, naturally take place during winter months only.
Seasonal sales - vs year-round discount shopping:
The famous Paris soldes, or sales, take place in January and July. If keeping travel costs as low as possible while scooping up designer fashions at bargain prices are your top priorities, the best month for your trip will be January rather than July - assuming winter clothing is your target.
Avid bargain-seekers should keep in mind that Paris now offers alternatives to les soldes: a 35-minute train or bus ride will bring you to La Vallée Village, a huge collection of famous-name designer outlets. And you'll even find a few high-end outlet stores right in Paris.
Special events & holidays:
Rain in Paris is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year, so you can't reliably avoid it by choosing one month over another.
Winter months feel cold, gray, and damp, although December can be warmer than you might expect - temperatures in the mid-50s are possible. Even during January and February, the daytime temperature usually ranges from the upper 30s to mid 40s, and can easily go higher.
A medium weight jacket combined with a cashmere sweater, warm scarf, and umbrella will usually keep you feeling comfortable on the chilliest days. On warmer days, shed the sweater. Boots are a good idea, along with a hat and gloves.
Snowfall each year varies from none to a few inches. Christmas lights and holiday markets brighten up December.
You can also expect a scattering of sunny days throughout the winter months. On clear days, humidity is low and the sky will be a brilliant blue.
Spring weather usually consists of a mixture of gorgeous sunny and gray rainy days. Unfortunately, the humidity may rise along with the temperature, especially in May
Summers get hot, and 90° F days are not uncommon. Although the temperature doesn't usually hit 100°, it can happen. Humidity usually drops as summer progresses.
If you decide to travel in August, be aware that while the weather is often hot, dry, and wonderful, it is possible for the daytime temperature to plunge to the 40s for a day or two, usually accompanied by rain. You won't see this mentioned in most travel guides.
Fall weather is lovely, especially during September and October. By mid-fall, golden foliage blazes across the city - a reminder that Paris has more trees than any other European capital.
Your flight and hotel will probably be your biggest Paris vacation expenses.
Plane fares reflect a typical "high," "low," and "shoulder" month pattern. You'll find the lowest fares from late November through March, except for when they zoom up for a couple of weeks around Christmas and New Year.
Late March through mid May, and September through late November are shoulder months. High season rates go into effect from May through early September. The actual timing varies a bit each year, depending on the economy.
However, hotel rates for central Paris follow a somewhat different pattern. According to the Paris Tourist Office, average rates are highest during May, June, September, and October. The lowest average rates occur in February and August. Rates during the remaining 6 months fall somewhere in between.
Any time a huge special event brings lots of visitors to the city, hotel rates skyrocket. Paris Fashion Week, the biennial Paris Auto Show, and other several other big trade expos make competition for hotel rooms particularly intense during September and October.
Paris is the most visited city in the world, so it never lacks tourists.
In the spring, the number of tourists in Paris rises with the temperature.
Starting with the Paris Marathon in early April, visitors begin to pour into the city. The Marathon attracts approximately 54,000 runners from all over the world, about 70% come from outside Greater Paris, and many bring family and friends to cheer for them. Hotels start filling up several days before the event.
Then, throughout the month, schools across France and other European countries have a week of vacation - so you'll see lots of families with kids and teens, particularly at attractions such as Disneyland Paris.
By May, lots of American and other tourists arrive, hoping to avoid the even larger summer crowds. And, around mid-May, an invasion of college students descends on the city as summer study abroad programs kick off. Lines at tourist attractions grow longer.
Crowds are biggest during June and July. You can find yourself standing in line at the Picasso Museum, the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, Versailles, and other top attractions for a long time. Fortunately, "skip the line" options can reduce your wait time.
During August, the number of tourists noticeably drops - perhaps due to the belief that the entire city shuts down for the month while Parisians vacation elsewhere.
Parisians return in September - it's called la rentrée - and the big trade shows and conventions begin. The Paris Auto Show, for example, typically receives 1+ million visitors (including locals). On the positive side, crowds at tourist attractions are smaller than during the summer months - but good luck getting a reasonably priced hotel room in central Paris during the biggest shows.
Visitors do decline in November, and aside from the period around Christmas and New Year, remain low until mid-spring. Winter is the time to come if you don't want to wait in line - and don't mind the gray, chilly weather and short periods of daylight.
If you're visiting from North America, you may not realize that Paris is farther north than even Montreal or Seattle - meaning the sun doesn't set until around 10pm in June and July. This means long days of glorious sunlight, and magical evenings as the sun slowly sets, with the sky not getting fully dark until about 11pm.
The reverse is true in November, December, and early January, when the sun sets around 5pm. On cloudy or rainy days, you'll feel the darkness even sooner.
During December and January, the sun doesn't rise until 8:30am - 9am. Stay away during these months if you suffer from seasonal affective disorder. On the other hand, spend your time in Paris in museums and galleries, shopping, and attending concerts or the ballet, and you may not even miss the sun.
So to sum all this up ... if you want to minimize your flight and hotel costs, travel to Paris in February.
Smaller crowds, comfortable weather, and long periods of daylight provide compelling reasons to visit Paris in May, June, September, and October - but just be aware that you're likely to pay the most for plane fares and hotel rates during these months.
Keep in mind that you can economize in other ways. Stop by a bakery or market for a inexpensive sandwich instead of having a pricier meal in a bistro. Take the Metro rather than a taxi. Get a sightseeing pass in order to get free admission to museums and other attractions. And check out things to do in Paris for free.